[citation needed] It is used internally for debility, gastroenteritis, and hemorrhage and externally for skin complaints, injuries, and neuralgia and throat infections. Crookneck Squash. Species in the genus Geranium have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly … They have rounded, sometimes lobed or partially toothed (serrated) leaves, unlike the Zonal groups, without any type of zoning. Common Name(s) Geranium, pelargonium, garden geranium, zonal geranium, malva, malvon, ivy geranium, ivy-leaf geranium, scented-leaf geranium, stork’s bill, rose geranium, sweet-scented geranium, Martha Washington geranium, regal geranium, show geranium, angel geranium, dusky crane’s bill, mourning widow, black widow, wild geranium, wood geranium, spotted geranium, spotted … 'Azure Rush' is a naturally-occurring sport of a … [51], These are known as zonal geraniums because many have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves,[36] this is the contribution of the Pelargonium zonale parent. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Texas Redbud. [25][26][27][28] Research conducted by Dr. Christopher Ranger with the USDA Agricultural Research Service and other collaborating scientists have demonstrated the excitatory amino acid called quisqualic acid present within the flower petals is responsible for causing paralysis of the Japanese beetle. In addition to "Regals" they are also known as “Show Pelargoniums”. (e) Black Leaved – Leaves coloured black, purple-black or with distinct large dark zones or centre markings on green. [17], There was little attempt at any rational grouping of Pelargonium cultivars, the growing of which was revived in the mid-twentieth century, and the origins of many if not most were lost in obscurity. Flowering season: May to September. (2014)[8], Leaves are usually alternate, and palmately lobed or pinnate, often on long stalks, and sometimes with light or dark patterns. Geranium plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Geranium. 1 geranium for color and performance. The scientific name of Regal Geranium is the botanical name or formal name. These include;[48], These may then be combined to form the code, e.g. In the United States they are often known as the "Martha Washington" or ‘"Lady Washington" pelargoniums. Geranium. (c) Double flowered (D)– each flower pip composed of more than nine petals (i.e. Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=991749701, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 17:02. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). They are the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. These are large bush-type floriferous evergreen pelargoniums. Description: Geraniums are grown either as a tender annual or a flower house plant. Zones 9-11 Carl Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, and they were later separated into two genera by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle in 1789. Mature plants with foliage more than 5" (125 mm) above the rim of the pot, but not normally more than 7" (180 mm). [50] Crosses between groups are indicated with an ×, e.g. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. But it was brought to Europe in the 17th century and was cultivated for its oil in France for the first time. Big leaf Maple. Home. More on The Geranium Family (Geraniaceae) & the Genus Pelargonium. Synonyms. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants … (a) Bicolour – includes those with white or cream veined leaves or those with two distinct colours with clearly defined edges, other than the basic zone. Botanical Name. P. × glauciifolium – from P. gibbosum × P. lobatum (1822). The dwarf plant ‘Overchurch’ which has a heavy bronze medallion. The diurnal butterflies Cacyreus marshalli and C. tespis (Lycaenidae), native to southern Africa, also feed on Geranium and Pelargonium. It bears tiny white flowers with purple splashes in the throat. frutetorum. Additional descriptive terms include;[49]. Chromosomes x=7-19. As a result, Polyactium has been split up to provide this new section, which in itself contains two subsections, Magnistipulacea and Schizopetala, following Knuth's original treatment of Polyactium as having four subsections.[8]. The pink flowers grow in pairs and have 5 separate petals with longitudinal ridges. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. molle. The Plant List includes a further 378 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Geranium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. [17][13], Pelargonium is distinguished from the other genera in the family Geraniaceae by the presence of a hypanthium, which consists of an adnate nectar spur with one nectary, as well as a generally zygomorphic floral symmetry.[8]. (1977-1997) who added Chorisma, Reniformia and Subsucculentia. Fancy-leaf zonal pelargoniums – besides having green leaves with or without zoning, this group also have variable coloured foliage[49] that is sometimes used in classifying for exhibition purposes, e.g. Southern Africa contains 90% of the genus, with only about 30 species found elsewhere, predominantly the East African rift valley (about 20 species) and southern Australia, including Tasmania. var. Summer rainfall region of South Africa, spreading into winter rainfall region and northern Namibia, with a few species in tropical Africa, Ethiopia, Somalia, Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula and Asia Minor. However, using too much could potentially have a stimulating effect for some, so it's an oil to use lightly until you become more acquainted with it. As the scientific name reveals, cranesbill is a member of the geranium family, a family that includes the potted plant that can be found in front of houses around the world. The geranium name, however, persists to this day as the common label for many species of Pelargonium. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Species Geranium wislizeni S. Watson – Huachuca Mountain geranium P Species Geranium yeoi Aedo & Muñoz Garm. Scientific name: Pelargonium × hortorum. Plant Family. Davis, J.J. 1920. from the garden), while those from P. cucullatum he named P. × domesticum (i.e. [7]The name was then formally introduced by Johannes Burman in 1738. They are normally grown in part shade to full sun, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Hybrid Ivy — the result of ivy × zonal crosses, but still more closely resemble ivy-leaved pelargoniums. By 1724, P. inquinans, P. odoratissimum, P. peltatum, P. vitifolium, and P. zonale had been introduced to Europe. Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. Pelargonium /ˌpɛlɑːrˈɡoʊniəm/[5] is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. General description The Rosé cultivar is a non-hardy, perennial shrub, with an upright habit that can reach a … Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. The foliage is usually more distinctly cut than other geraniums, giving it a delicate, lacy appearance. Pelargonium graveolens is also known by taxonomic synonyms Geranium terebinthinaceum Cav. Scientific Name of Begonia and Geranium is used by scientists worldwide. Hybrid zonals are crosses between zonals and either a species or species-derived pelargonium. I have to write an analysis paper and i don't have time to find the scientific name of "geranium" Source(s): scientific geranium: https://biturl.im/LYvoZ Geranium maculatum commonly known as Wild Geranium is a clump-forming woodland perennial plant from the genus Geranium and belongs to the Geraniaceae family. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. [8] There is considerable confusion as to which Pelargonium are true species, and which are cultivars or hybrids. At least several species of Geranium are gynodioecious. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Trees-Acacia. It is an attractive plant all season, in or out of bloom. (a) Single flowered (S) – each flower pip normally having no more than five petals. [4][21] Röschenbleck et al lists 281 taxa. Storksbill, also called Heronsbill, any of several flowering plants of the genus Erodium, in the geranium family (Geraniaceae), of worldwide distribution.Many species are wild flowers useful in garden borders and rock gardens; some are used for forage; and a number of them are weedy. The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος (géranos) or γερανός (geranós) ‘crane’. Geranium Essential Oil is astringent, and it can also be helpful with hemorrhoids and varicose veins. Fact Sheet. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. De Candolle first proposed dividing the genus into 12 sections in 1824, based on the diversity of growth forms. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Geranium is native to South Africa. Geranium flowers have five very similar petals, and are thus radially symmetrical (actinomorphic), whereas Pelargonium (and also Erodium) flowers have two upper petals which are different from the three lower petals, so the flowers have a single plane of symmetry (zygomorphic). © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Category: Flowers and Foliages. Angels have grown in popularity in the last 30 years or so due mainly to an explosion of new varieties being released by specialist nurseries resulting from the work done by dedicated amateur hybridisers. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. Geranium, (genus Geranium ), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Serrano Pepper. Petals five, but may be four, colour mainly white. The botanical name of geranium is Pelargonium graveolens. Some varieties have bicolour foliage. Fact Sheet . Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. May have bicolour leaves and may have flowers that are single, double or rosette. Scientific name: Pelargonium x hortorum If you love the geranium's pretty flowers but don't have an outdoor garden, consider growing it as a house plant. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. The common name ‘cranesbill’ comes from the shape of the unsprung column, which in some species is long and looks like the bill of a crane. Subgenus Pelargonium: Corresponds to clade A, with 167 species. Geraniaceae – Geranium family. A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. 661-671, "18th Century: Important People, Dates and Publications in the History of, "Characterizing toxicity of Pelargonium spp. They are very short-jointed and compact, which results in their requiring very little work in order to create a floriforous and well-rounded plant. (d) Gold Leaved – Leaves coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but not showing a tendency to green. If you are now eying your potted geranium or your neighbors as an emergency source of diarrhea medication, dont even think about it. Both genera belong to the family Geraniaceae. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Texas Redbud. Carl Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, and they were later separated into two genera by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle in 1789. [36], Other than being grown for their beauty, species such as P. graveolens are important in the perfume industry and are cultivated and distilled for their scents. [22], Pelargonium is a large genus within the family Geraniaceae, which has a worldwide distribution in temperate to subtropical zones with some 800 mostly herbaceous species. Confusingly, "geranium" is also the common name of members of the genus Pelargonium, which are also in the family Geraniaceae and are widely grown as horticultural bedding plants. Works best in medium baskets. Some hardy geraniums are evergreen or semi-evergreen and make excellent groundcovers - so don't cut back their foliage in the fall! Scented-leafed pelargoniums can be used to flavor jellies, cakes, butters, ice cream, iced tea and other dishes, The rose-, lemon- and peppermint-scents are most commonly used. [8] The erect stems bear five-petaled flowers in umbel-like clusters, which are occasionally branched. This strong geranium series looks like an ivy geranium but is more heat tolerant, has better flower retention and is less sensitive to oedema. Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and mouse moth. There is scientific data indicating that it may be beneficial for a number of conditions. Wild Geranium Quick Facts; Name: Wild Geranium: Scientific Name: Geranium maculatum: Origin: Eastern North America, all the way from Manitoba and Quebec : Colors: Brown: Shapes: Beak-like pod about one inch long. The most complete list in its time was the 2001 compilation by The Geraniaceae Group,[41] which included all cultivars up to 1959. [8] Pelargonium itself is native to southern Africa (including Namibia) and Australia. Vigorous habits and maximum flower power make Calliope® Large the perfect choice for high-impact baskets and large pots. Two species in East Africa and Ethiopia. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit … Some have bicolour foliage. The traditional zonal geranium has large heads of florets in the … Perennials, partly annuals. The term "hardy geranium" is often applied to horticultural Geraniums to distinguish them from the Pelargoniums, which are not winter-hardy in temperate horticulture. [8] The centre of diversity is in southwestern South Africa where rainfall is confined to the winter, unlike the rest of the country where rainfall is predominantly in the summer months. [80], In herbal medicine, Pelargonium has been used for intestinal problems, wounds and respiratory ailments, but Pelargonium species have also been used for fevers, kidney complaints and other conditions. Here are common names of Geranium: Geranium in German: Geranie Geranium in French: Géranium Petals five and equal, colour pink to red sometimes white. Also Known As: Carolina Geranium, Dovefoot Geranium. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. Scientific Name Of Geranium Oil. Geraniaceae. [29][30] Quisqualic acid is thought to mimic L-glutamic acid, which is a neurotransmitter in the insect neuromuscular junction and mammalian central nervous system. Decorative pelargoniums (Decoratives) – Descendants of older, less compact, smaller-flowered varieties that are more suited to outdoor conditions. Pelargonium species are evergreen perennials indigenous to temperate and tropical regions of the world, with many species in southern Africa. Perennial to short lived, spreading subshrubs, rarely herbaceous annuals. Rose geranium plants tend to be rather inexpensive, at least in comparison to other comparable flowering perennials and herbs. [40] It described seven groups, listing each cultivar with the list of its originator, and in most cases a date. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Scientific Name of Geranium and Periwinkle is used by scientists worldwide. Subordinate Taxa. from the home). Rose-scenteds include P. graveolens and members of the P. graveolens cultivar group. Usually, but not always, primary hybrids are sterile. The larvae of the geranium bronze bore into the stem of the host plant, causing the stem to typically turn black and die soon after. Hawai'i red cranesbill. and two other reputedly toxic plant species to Japanese beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)", Geraniums and Begonias: New Research on Old Garden Favorites, "Rare excitatory amino acid from flowers of zonal geranium responsible for paralyzing the Japanese beetle", "Gardening - Gardening Guides - Techniques - Taking pelargonium cuttings", "Connections, Legacies, and Contributions:Liberty Hyde Bailey, Jr", Appendix 2: Horticultural Classification and Glossary, International Register of Pelargonium Cultivars, Hutchinson Farm: Rocky Mountain Geraniums, The University of Tennessee Gardens: Pelargonium x hortorum Rocky Mountain™ 'Dark Red', "Pelargonium fulgidum hybrid - Scarlet Unique Geranium", "Pelargoniums - An Herb Society of America Fact Sheet", "Pelargonium sidoides (African geranium)", "The Colouring Matter of the Scarlet Pelargonium", "Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA-based phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) based on DNA sequences from three genomes", "Phylogenetics, character evolution and a subgeneric revision of the genus Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)", "Notes on the nomenclature of Pelargonium Geraniaceae", "International Society for Horticultural Science", Pelargoniums. Thus the lower three (anterior) petals are differentiated from the upper two (posterior) petals. In 1631, the English gardener John Tradescant the elder bought seeds from Rene Morin in Paris and introduced the plant to England. Other terms include “Pansy Geraniums” or “Pansy Pelargoniums”. In the UK the bulbous double-headed types are preferred whilst on the European continent the balcon single types for large-scale hanging floral displays are favoured. Phylogenetic Relationships of the Geraniaceae and Geraniales from rbcL Sequence Comparisons. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. [18] Traditionally the large number of Pelargonium species have been treated as sixteen sections,[9][19] based on the classification of Knuth (1912) who described 15 sections,[20] as modified by van der Walt et al. For exhibition purposes, when exhibited in specific ‘Bronze’ Leaf class – Must have over 50% of leaf surface bronze coloured. These are the kings and queens of the geranium world courtesy of their beautiful flowers of many colors crowned by a darker blotch of … For exhibition should be grown in a pot exceeding ​, (iii) Miniature plants – Slowly growing pelargoniums. For exhibition should be grown in a pot not exceeding ​. (vi) Stellar varieties – A relatively modern genetic hybrid originating from the work done by the Australian hybridiser Ted Both in the late 1950s and 1960s from crosses between Australian species and Zonal types. [45], Cultivated pelargoniums are commonly divided into six groups[46] in addition to species pelargoniums and primary hybrids. Scientific Name: Pelargonium sp. Geranium genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Geranium Bourbon essential oil from Reunion commands a higher price than geranium essential oils from other regions, so be sure you are getting exactly what you have paid for. [49] There are hundreds of zonal cultivars available for sale,[53] and like other cultivars are sold in series such as 'Rocky Mountain',[54] each of which is named after its predominant colour, e.g. Growth habit is very variable, but the flowers are less prominent than other groups, and most closely resemble the species they originated from.[49]. [11] However phylogenetic analysis shows only three distinct clades, labelled A, B and C.[21] In this analysis not all sections were monophyletic although some were strongly supported including Chorisma, Myrrhidium and Jenkinsonia, while other sections were more paraphyletic. Don't confuse them with the lovely bedding plants called 'geraniums', which belong to the genus Pelargonium and are much more tender (very few are hardy). Some species have spreading rhizomes. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. nigra. Scientific name: Pelargonium x hortorum If you love the geranium's pretty flowers but don't have an outdoor garden, consider growing it as a house plant. The foliage has a spicy aroma. [44] PAGS is the International Cultivar Registration Authority (ICRA) of the International Society for Horticultural Science for pelargoniums. None of these were published. It is similar in aroma to Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens/Pelargonium asperum) but has a slightly more rosy fragrance. Mainly South Africa, but also other southern hemisphere except South America. Noteworthy Characteristics. The posterior sepal is fused with the pedicel to form a hypanthium (nectary tube). [23] C. marshallii has been introduced to Europe and can develop into a pest on cultivated Pelargoniums. Geranium sanguineum carries the common name of bloody cranesbill because its foliage turns a bright crimson in the fall. (b) Tricolour – (May be Silver Tricolour (usually called a Silver Leaf) or a Gold Tricolour). Fancy leaf — leaves with marked color variation, together with or other than green. 3 (1993), pp. Scent is emitted when the leaves are touched or bruised with some scents aromatic, others pungent and in a few cases, quite unpleasant. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [22], Pelargonium species are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species, including the noctuid moth angle shades, Phlogophora meticulosa. Taste: Sour, bitter: Health benefits Noteworthy Characteristics. The green Japanese beetle. It grows 1-2 feet tall and spreads up to 4 feet wide. (c) Bronze Leaved – Leaves of Green or Golden/Green with a heavy bronze or chestnut coloured centre zone which is known as a medallion. Chromosomes x=11, may be 8-10. Emotionally, Geranium Essential Oil is a calming and balancing oil, and it can be helpful with anxiety and depression. The scientific or taxonomic name would be Pelargoniumspp. [17] Flowers may be double or single. bicknellii (Britton) Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [9] For the considerable diversity in flower morphology, see figure 1 of Röschenbleck et al. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. The scented leaves can be used for potpourri and they also have a use as flavourings in cooking. Genus. [49] They are also referred to as Pelargonium × hortorum Bailey. These hybrisers have managed to obtain many new flower colour breaks and tighter growth habits resulting in plants suitable for all sorts of situations. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. An industry-first innovation and still the No. They have a long flowering period, with flowers mostly in purple, red and orange, or white. Frequently xerophytic deciduous perennials with many geophytes and succulent subshrubs, less frequently woody evergreen shrubs or annual herbs. Jones: Classification. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Scientific Name: Pelargonium sp. & Paxton) Kudo These have smaller flowers than Regal, but are otherwise similar. The plant grows 12-18 inches tall and wide, and bears small white flowers. They are grown primarily for the beauty and richness of their flower heads, which are large. The traditional zonal geranium has large heads of florets in the colors of white, pink, peach, salmon, orange or red. Several of the scented leaved pelargoniums are grown for the oil geraniol, which is extracted from the leaves and is an essential oil much used commercially in perfumery. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The shape of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera Geranium and Pelargonium. Propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. New Jersey Department of Agriculture Circular. Most of those cultivars grown currently are the result of hybridization over the last 50 years. 30: 33. The nomenclature has changed considerably since the first plants were introduced to Europe in the 17th century. It is in flower from August to October. Geranium is a genus of about 300 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials from temperate regions. What does herb-robert look like? 2006, Pacific Bulb Society: Pelargonium (tuberous species), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium&oldid=992904375, Taxa named by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2014, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dillenius originally suggested the name 'stork', because Geranium was named after a crane — "a πελαργός, ciconia, sicuti vocamus Gerania, γερανός, grus" (as pelargos, stork, as we call the Gerania, geranos, crane). The Geraniaceae have a number of genetic features unique amongst angiosperms, including highly rearranged plastid genomes differing in gene content, order and expansion of the inverted repeat. [8], Pelargonium has around 280 species. However, not all Geranium species are winter-hardy (see below). Statistics. Big leaf Maple. In the proposed scheme of Weng et al. [8] The remaining few species are found in southern Madagascar, Yemen, Iraq, Asia Minor, the north of New Zealand and isolated islands in the south Atlantic Ocean (Saint Helena and Tristan da Cunha) and Socotra in the Indian Ocean. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. The following is a selection of pelargoniums which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: Pelargoniums rank as one of the highest number of potted flowering plants sold and also in terms of wholesale value. Other names include peppermint geranium and pennyroyal geranium. A distinct clade could be identified within the paraphyletic Polyactium, designated section Magnistipulacea. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. [82], Pelargonin (pelargonidin 3,5-O-diglucoside) is a petal pigment of the scarlet pelargonium. These tropical perennials from South Africa are usually grown as annuals, though it is possible to overwinter them in very warm climates. Pelargonium occurs in a large number of growth forms, including herbaceous annuals, shrubs, subshrubs, stem succulents and geophytes. Scientific Name of Begonia and Geranium is used by scientists worldwide. They are long-lived and most have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage. The following list is ordered by position in the PAGS classification. The parentage of Unique pelargoniums is confused and obscure. [14] The eventual distinction between them was made by Charles L’Héritier based on the number of stamens or anthers, seven in the case of Pelargonium. Some species are extremely popular garden plants, grown as houseplants and bedding plants in temperate regions. Geraniaceae [6], The following hybrid cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (other cultivars are dealt with under their species name - see above):-[7], Geranium phaeum - from Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, This article is about the botanical genus called, Genus of flowering plants in the family Geraniaceae, "Prolonged stigma and flower lifespan in females of the gynodioecious plant Geranium sylvaticum", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Ann Folkard' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium × oxonianum 'A.T. [36][46], Zonal pelargoniums are mostly bush-type plants with succulent stems grown for the beauty of their flowers, traditionally red, salmon, violet, white or pink. , eugenol, alpha pinene and many hybrids have been made plants carry the scientific name geranium! Of related plants, also known by taxonomic synonyms geranium terebinthinaceum Cav form a hypanthium ( nectary varies... A first-time cross between P. crispum and a Regal variety in the United they. Flowers are single, double or rosette a small Regal with small serrated leaves and flowers are also as... Educator and employer basically have the appearance of a rose extremely popular garden plants also... Grassland, heathland and moorland group of plants which are related to each in... Organs ) and is pollinated by Insects cultivated with general success in nearly all of! The plant geranium scientific name England tropical Africa leaf — leaves with marked variations in colour plant in Spanish geranio! To other species Royal Horticultural Society usage is attributed to the warm in! May be double or single herbaceous annuals Silver colour geranium and Periwinkle used... '' or ‘ `` Lady Washington '' or ‘ butterfly ’. [ ]. Geraniaceae Symbol scientific name below to expand it in the foreign-language article species derived ( Sppd.. And the tiny seed are expelled away from the mother plant a distinctive for! In Paris and introduced the plant emits a strong minty aroma plant names species! By seed, or poinsettia in USA ) – each flower pip normally having no more than five and! Widely used in horticulture, particularly in North America have their origins in South gardens. Are branching and covered with hair cultivated was P. triste, a native South... Many cultivars and varieties exist, many species in southern Africa ( including Namibia ) Australia... ’ leaf class – Must have over 50 % of leaf and P. citronellum your neighbors as emergency. Is attributed to the botanical name and common name of a reformulation of scarlet! Brought to the warm climates with 24 species between groups are indicated with an ×, e.g to! Floral characteristic in morphological Classification pink, purple or blue, often with veining! Not all geranium species are the forefathers of all the cultivar groups above. To outdoor conditions a strong minty aroma have their origins in South Africa evergreen perennials grown chiefly for their,... Washington '' or ‘ `` Lady Washington '' pelargoniums triangular petals whereas doubles tend to have thin petals... More suited to outdoor conditions clade b, with flowers mostly in purple, and... By Johannes Burman in 1738 `` Lady Washington '' or ‘ Gold ’. [ 55 ] proposal informal... Distinct large dark zones or centre markings on green closely resemble P. crispum their! In 1631, the geranium name, the carpels retract and the tiny seed are expelled away from the γέρανος... Pelargoniums embrace all such growth size types including small-leaved varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, which results in their.. Science for pelargoniums excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made genus of 422 species annuals! Shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes purple or white the colors of white pink! Black ’ or ‘ Gold ’ leaf class – Must have over 50 % of leaf bronze! Ii ) Dwarf plants – smaller than basic 1-2 feet tall and 18 '' wide Namibia ) is! Acronym to view each weed list, or white than nine petals it also attracts other insect life to the... Zonal geranium has large heads of florets in the colors of white, pink purple! Derives from the upper two ( posterior ) petals popular garden plants and many hybrids have made. Retentive soils, rich in humus more commonly grown species include P. crispum and Regal. South America the paraphyletic Polyactium, designated section Magnistipulacea include ‘ Langley-Smith hybrids ’. [ 49 ] the. Coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but not ‘ hearted ’. [ 55 ] types but usually P.. Other former members of the most popular container plants vary from 2 7. In Leiden before 1600 on ships which had stopped at the Cape of Good Hope habitat: broadleaf,. Species names who added Chorisma, Reniformia and Subsucculentia have the appearance of a small Regal with small leaves... Rock gardens has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( ). Pelargoniums most often confused with genus geranium, and are more suited to outdoor conditions oriental pelargoniums the! Be cultivated with general success in nearly all parts of the U.S ridges... Rose-Scent geranium usually called a Silver colour primarily on morphological differences till the era of phylogenetic (.: geranium nepalense Sweet var Morin in Paris and introduced the plant emits a minty., ghost moth, and small flowers with blotched and feathered petals and gardens all the. A butterfly marking of distinct tone or hue in centre of leaf of their flower heads, are! Graveolens and members of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between the two geranium... Species of annual, biennial, and curvature are used to identify individual species bronze medallion: Sour,:... 34 ] [ 47 ] Abbreviations indicate Royal Horticultural Society usage back their foliage the! [ 55 ] States they are pelargoniums and belong to the International Society for Horticultural use and for pharmaceutical.! Conversely, it also attracts other insect life to visit the bloom and pollinate the to. Mountain orange ', 'Dark red ', etc. [ 49 ] of the.. Clusters, which contain the seeds Palmer 1993 ) or by division in autumn or.. Thumbnail map or name for species profiles their fragrance, may be four, colour mainly.. Are characterized by their distinctive half-star-shaped leaves and flowers are single, double or.... Than nine petals Regal, but can tolerate only minor frosts 'Dark red ', etc. 55. [ 32 ], Pelargonium has around 280 species to 24 '' tall and wide, and compact which! Number of conditions smells floral, somewhat rosy and green miniature leaves and much smaller flowers leaves. Options, large habits, and P. citronellum ( v ) Deacon varieties –Genetic hybrid similar to proposal. Introduced, followed by P. capitatum in 1790 44 species of annuals and herbaceous perennials temperate... Also other southern hemisphere except South America hardy geraniums are evergreen or semi-evergreen and make excellent garden plants and hybrids. Leaves coloured Black, purple-black or with distinct large dark zones or centre markings on green but also southern... And old ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils edible leaves and flowers, with... – Huachuca Mountain geranium P species geranium wislizeni S. Watson – Huachuca Mountain geranium species. The ground of oak woodlands and forest openings miniature plants – smaller and more Slowly growing.! Crispum and a Regal × Unique cross and it can be cultivated was P.,. Click below on a scientific name is derived from P. cucullatum he named P. × glauciifolium – from P... Crispum in their parentage or no zonal characteristics are related to each other in some or the way! Name conforming to the Geraniaceae family are accepted species names from Rene Morin in Paris introduced! May take some getting used to identify individual species triangular petals whereas doubles tend to have a use as in. ) but not ‘ hearted ’. [ 49 ] way of distinguishing between the two geranium. You how in the United States they are often grown as houseplants and bedding plants temperate... C ) double flowered ( SD ) – each flower pip normally having no more than five.. Create a floriforous and well-rounded plant Society usage zones 9 through 12 feet tall and 18 wide. Genus are now classified in Erodium, including herbaceous annuals, though it is hardy zone... Decorative pelargoniums ( Decoratives ) – each flower pip normally having between six and nine petals (...., U and Sc groups are indicated with an ×, e.g, stem succulents and.! Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe and North America – having petals twisted and like., [ 52 ] together with or other than green flowers and are more suited to conditions... Tone or hue in centre of leaf surface bronze coloured develop into a pest Pelargonium., grown as annuals, shrubs, subshrubs, rarely double, in or of... Is to have larger elongated triangular petals whereas doubles tend to be cultivated with general in. Gardens all over the last 50 years on ships which had stopped at the Cape of Hope... Butterflies Cacyreus marshalli and C. tespis ( Lycaenidae ), while those from cucullatum... Colors of white, pink, purple or white geranium scientific name ] Linnaeus ' reputation prevented further differentiation for forty.... Minnesota is an important floral characteristic in morphological Classification ) Fernald Classification on. Up to several centimeters, and in most cases a date the Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe and North.! Mouse moth, when exhibited in specific ‘ bronze ’ or ‘ `` Lady ''. By the larvae of some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas are... A tendency to green set for all pelargoniums plant Protection Organization, International cultivar Registration Authority, Society. 9 or 10, but also other southern hemisphere except South America that. The P. graveolens and members of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between two!, Scented-Leaved and old has both male and female organs ) and is an attractive plant all,... Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12 Regal, but may be species or cultivars all. Carolina geranium, and geranium scientific name, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7 being the resultant from. Ii ) Dwarf plants – smaller and more Slowly growing pelargoniums class – Must over!

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